All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (2023)

All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (1)

We attempted to compile a comprehensive list and chart of semi precious stones. We personally think that this is a pretty good list of semi precious stones, but if we missed anything or got anything wrong, please let us know!

Semi Precious Stones Chart

All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (2)


Agate comes in a wide range of colors, and when discussing gemstones, generally, only banded forms of the stone are considered Agate. Exceptions are Moss Agate and Dendritic Agate, which lack banding patterns.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Variants:Banded Agate, Carnelian, Sardonyx, Onyx, Dendritic Agate, Fire Agate, Moss Agate
  • Colors:Varied
  • Purported healing:Stone of Protection, used to fend off stress, tiredness, and bad dreams.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (3)


Alexandrite changes color under different lighting. Under daylight, it can be green-blue to green-yellow, but if viewed in incandescent lighting, it is pink or red. Until recently, there were very few known sources for Alexandrite, and it was extremely rare and highly prized.

If you are interested in learning more about the stone, click on the real alexandrite guide.

  • Mineral Category:Chrysoberyl
  • Colors:Varied
  • Purported healing:Aids Discipline, Self Control, and Focus
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (4)


Amazonite is a light green to a light blue gemstone, supposedly named after the blue Amazon River and the green Amazon Rainforest, but Amazonite is not actually found in the Amazon. Amazonite is less valuable than Jade but is sometimes mistaken for it.

  • Mineral Category:Microcline
  • Colors:Light green or blue, sometimes with white streaks
  • Purported healing:Stone of the Amazon Warriors, aids strength and stamina
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (5)


Amber is the fossilized resin of ancient pine trees. It is a striking orange color and was historically thought to be linked to the sun due to this. Pieces and jewelry made from amber have been found in graves dated to as far back as 2000 B.C.

  • Mineral Category:Non-Mineral Organic
  • Variants:Blue Amber, Baltic Amber
  • Colors:Commonly known as orange or yellow, but blue, red and green amber also exists
  • Purported healing:Promotes optimism and a positive outlook
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (6)


Amethyst is the purple form of Quartz and is among the more valuable forms of that mineral. The purple color stems from iron and aluminum impurities. Historically favored by nobility as purple is often seen as the color of royalty.

  • Mineral Category:Macrocrystalline Quartz
  • Variants:Ametrine
  • Colors:Purple
  • Purported healing:Historically believed to combat the effects of alcohol. Promotes peace and balance, aids with financial or legal issues.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (7)


Ametrine is the combination of Amethyst and Citrine, and generally are partially purple and partially yellow/orange. It is a relatively new classification.

  • Mineral Category:Macrocrystalline Quartz
  • Colors:Distinctly split purple and yellow
  • Purported healing:Combines the qualities of Amethyst and Citrine
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (8)


Ammolite is the fossilized shell remains of ammonites, an extinct group of animals. It has color play similar to Opal and is one of the rarest gemstones on Earth.

  • Mineral Category:Non-Mineral Organic
  • Colors:Gray Brown with color play
  • Purported healing:Some Native Americans belives Ammolite represented wealth, health, and power.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (9)


Andalusite is pleochroic, meaning it can appear to have different colors when viewed from different angles. It typically ranges from green-yellow to orange-red, and is one of the lesser-known gemstones, although it is gaining in popularity. It is named after Andalusia, the area in Spain where it was first discovered.

  • Mineral Category:Andalusite
  • Variants:Chiastolite, Virdine
  • Colors:Varied
  • Purported healing:Seeing stone, helpful with objectivity, and seeing without bias.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (10)


A group of different minerals, Apatite, is used as a term as the individual minerals are often hard to distinguish. The name comes from the Greek ‘Apate’ , meaning deceit, and it is so named due to its similar appearance to many other minerals. Gemstone quality Apatite is quite rare.

  • Mineral Category:Apatite
  • Variants:Many
  • Colors:Varied
  • Purported healing:Lesser known, but it is considered a stone of learning, inspiration, and extroversion.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (11)


Aquamarine is a form of Beryl and is green-blue in color. Aquamarine means ‘seawater’ in Latin, and it is so named for its color, reflecting that of the sea. Aquamarine stones that exhibit the cat’s eye effect or star effect are very rare.

  • Mineral Category:Beryl
  • Variants:Cat’s Eye Aquamarine
  • Colors:Blue
  • Purported healing:Historically, a popular gemstone among sailors. It signifies safe passage and protects from seasickness.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (12)


Aventurine is a type of Chalcedony Quartz, typically green, and it can have small flakes or spots that give it a shimmering effect.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Green, other colors exist but are rare and aren’t typically used as gems.
  • Purported healing:Stone of Luck, and also helps with obtaining peace of mind and patience.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (13)


Axinite is the name of a group of minerals, and the name comes from the Greek ‘Axine’, meaning Axe, due to the sharp crystals found in the mineral. Axinite of gemstone quality is rare. Axinite is pleochroic, meaning it can show a variety of colors depending on the viewing angle.

  • Mineral Category:Axinite
  • Variants:Ferro-axinite, magnesio-axinite, manganaxinite, tinzenite
  • Colors:Brown, Purple, Blue, Golden
  • Purported healing:Stone of Truth that can help with resolving conflict.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (14)


Azurite is gemstone quality copper ore and is quite rare. Azurite is not that commonly used in jewelry and is more commonly carved into various shapes as decorative ornaments. The name comes from its Azure color.

  • Mineral Category:Azurite
  • Variants:Azure-malachite
  • Colors:Blue
  • Purported healing:Helpful for meditation, strengthens intuition, and creativity. It helps develop spiritual awareness.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (15)


Beryl is a single mineral with many varieties (much like Quartz), with the most well known being Emerald and Aquamarine. It is abundant, but gemstone quality beryl is rarer and is referred to as ‘Precious Beryl’. Other varieties will often be referred to by their own name, while in the context of gemstones, Beryl most often refers to the more common Golden Beryl, which is an intense green-yellow color.

  • Mineral Category:Beryl
  • Variants:Emerald, Aquamarine, Morganite, Goshenite, Bixbite
  • Colors:Varied
  • Purported healing:Stone of the sun, Golden Beryl, can help increase determination and drive in the wearer.
(Video) Crystals, Minerals, Gems, & Stones A to Z (NEW 2019)
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (16)


Bixbite is the name of Red Beryl, which is actually rare than Emerald. The name bixbite is no rarely used to avoid confusion with bixbyite, another mineral with a similar name.

  • Mineral Category:Beryl
  • Colors:Red
  • Purported healing:Said to help overcome depression and grief, Red Beryl (Bixbite) helps with energy and creativity.
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Bloodstone is the opaque form of Chalcedony Quartz. It is dark green but gets its namesake from the red flecks or streaks that resemble blood. Bloodstone is mentioned in Christian scripture and is sometimes associated with martyrdom.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Green with red and brown flecks or streaks
  • Purported healing:Historically, Bloodstone was thought to derive from the blood of Jesus, and thus possessed healing powers.
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Carnelian is another form of Chalcedony Quartz. It is orange-red to dark red and derives its name from cornel cherries, which share a similar color. There are written records showing knowledge of the stone that date back 4000 years.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Red
  • Purported healing:Carnelian was worn by Napolean for good luck, and brings good luck to the wearer. It also helps protect from poverty and can regulate emotions and help induce calmness.
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Cassiterite is tin ore and is a popular source of tin. Gemstone quality cassiterite is extremely rare and is highly sought after by gemstone experts and collectors. It is mostly dark brown or black, but other shades do exist.

  • Mineral Category:Cassiterite
  • Colors:Brown, Black
  • Purported healing:Cassiterite can aid meditation, and also can aid problem-solving and intellect.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (20)

Chrome Diopside

Chrome Diopside is most commonly green, and it was only relatively recently that it started becoming used as a gemstone.

  • Mineral Category:Diopside
  • Variants:Cat’s Eye Diopside, Star Diopside
  • Colors:Green, Yellow, White, Brown, Black
  • Purported healing:As a relatively unknown gemstone, the chrome diopside doesn’t have much mystical reputation. Some people believe it can help creative visualization and awareness.
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Chrysoberyl gems are mostly yellow, with some also being brown, green, or orange. Chrysoberyl is actually not a Beryl; it is actually its own mineral group. Chrysoberyl is also one of the hardest types of semi precious stones.

  • Mineral Category:Chrysoberyl
  • Variants:Cat’s Eye Chrysoberyl, Alexandrite
  • Colors:Commonly yellow, other colors also exist
  • Purported healing:Chrysoberyl is supposed to help with discipline and self-control, increase concentration, and aid learning ability.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (22)


Chrysocolla is a less well-known semi precious stone well-liked by enthusiasts for its unique patterns and colors. The name comes from the Greek words for ‘gold’ and ‘glue’ as it was historically used as a soldering agent for gold.

  • Mineral Category:Chrysocolla
  • Variants:Apache Chrysocolla, Eilat Stone
  • Colors:Green/Blue with unique patterns
  • Purported healing:This stone is traditionally said to be helpful when negotiating, and can reduce violence and increase sensitivity.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (23)


Chrysoprase is another form of Chalcedony Quartz and is a striking green color. It is one of the rarest kinds of Chalcedony Quartz. The name comes from the Greek word for ‘leek,’ and the stone is somewhat reminiscent of the color of that vegetable.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Bright Green
  • Purported healing:Chrysoprase can help bring balance to the subconscious and conscious mind, and is also said to bring friendship, happiness, and success.
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Citrine is a widely known and popular semi precious stone in the Quartz family. It is yellow/orange, and the name is derived from the French word meaning ‘Lemon,’ although the shade is often more golden than pure yellow.

  • Mineral Category:Macrocrystalline Quartz
  • Variants:Ametrine
  • Colors:Yellow, Golden, Orange
  • Purported healing:Success Stone, Citrine radiates positive energy and can help increase wealth and prosperity. Shopkeepers, in particular, favor this stone as a good luck charm.
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Clinohumite is a rare mineral, and gemstone quality Clinohumite is even rarer. The stone gets its name from Abraham Hume, a well-known mineralogist. Until recently, it was thought to be amongst the rarest gemstones in the world, but recently more sources have been discovered.

  • Mineral Category:Humite
  • Colors:Golden, Yellow, Brown
  • Purported healing:Given the rarity of the stone, Clinohumite lacks some of the myth and lore than many gemstones have. Some believe that it brings energy and vitality to the wearer.
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Coral is organic, literally coming from the Coral in seas and oceans. Coral can come in a few different colors, but the most common color used as a semi precious stone is Red Coral.

  • Mineral Category:Non-Mineral Organic
  • Variants:Black Coral, Red Coral/Precious Coral, Fossil Coral
  • Colors:Red, Black, Orange, Pink, Gray
  • Purported healing:Coral is seen as a protective stone that can ward off danger.
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Danburite is a lesser-known gemstone primarily targeted enthusiasts and collectors. Generally, only the colorless variety of Danburite is used as a gemstone. The stone is named after Danbury, the town in Conneticut, where it was discovered.

  • Mineral Category:Danburite
  • Colors:Colorless
  • Purported healing:People believe Danburite has a pure vibration and can aid with dispelling negative emotions like anxiety and grief.
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Dumortierite is a blue gemstone that falls into the Quartz family. Named after a French paleontologist Eugene Dumortier, Dumortierite is better known for its industrial purposes relating to the production of ceramics. It is sometimes known as ‘blue moon quartz.’

  • Mineral Category:Dumortierite
  • Colors:Blue
  • Purported healing:Dumortierite is said to be helpful for improving discipline and organization.
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Fluorite is a relatively popular gemstone and mineral, and the term ‘fluorescent’ was derived from the name of this stone. Colors vary widely, but the most typical color of Fluorite is blue.

  • Mineral Category:Fluorite
  • Variants:Antozonite, Blue John, Chlorophane, Yttofluorite
  • Colors:All Colors and colorless
  • Purported healing:There isn’t much lore to Fluorite, but people believe that it can be used to calm and soothe.
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Garnet is not a single mineral; rather, it describes a range of separate but similar minerals. Garnet derives its name from the Latin word for pomegranate, and although there are many varieties, it is most often associated with the dark red version of itself.

(Video) List of 24 Gemstones or Precious Stones with Names, Pictures and Colors
  • Mineral Category:Garnet
  • Variants:Many
  • Colors:All colors
  • Purported healing:Garnet is known as the Travellers stone, good for explorers and adventurers. It is also said to help with the development of self-confidence and empathy.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (31)


Hambergite is a rare stone mostly sought after by enthusiasts and collectors. It is normally white or colorless.

  • Mineral Category:Hambergite
  • Colors:Colorless, White
  • Purported healing:Although not well known, Hambergite is highly valued by those who believe in crystal healing – it has powerful vibrations and can induce great joy.
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Hematite is the semi precious stone variety of iron oxide. It appears to be a gray/black color, but when powdered is actually red or brown (like rust).

  • Mineral Category:Hematite
  • Colors:Grey, Black
  • Purported healing:Hematite is believed to aid it in clearing the mind and improve focus, and is generally considered quite a strong healing stone.
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AxiniteHessonite is a variety of Garnet and is often brownish-red In color. Some people refer to it as the ‘cinnamon stone’ for its similarity in color to the spice.

  • Mineral Category:Garnet
  • Colors:Yellow Red, Brown Red
  • Purported healing:Hessonite carries special meaning in Indian culture, where it Is believed that the mineral is the fingernails of one of the Gods.
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Hiddenite is a green gem and is a variety of Spodumene. This semi precious stone is named after the man who discovered and identified it, William Earl Hidden.

  • Mineral Category:Spodumene
  • Colors:Green
  • Purported healing:It is said that Hiddenite can bring the wearer to greater levels of compassion and kindness.
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Iolite is the gemstone version of the Cordierite mineral. It recent years its use as a semi precious stone has grown in popularity. Iolite comes in a variety of purple-blue hues. Due to its affordability, it can often act as a useful substitute for Sapphire.

  • Mineral Category:Cordierite
  • Variants:Bloodshot Iolite
  • Colors:Blue, Purple
  • Purported healing:Iolite helps bring out creativity and can aid with insomnia.
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Pure Jade comes only in two main forms, Jadite and Nephrite. Jade is a bright green and is highly prized in many cultures, particularly Chinese culture. The most valuable form of Jade is Imperial Jade, which is emerald green Jadite.

  • Mineral Category:Jadite or Nephrite
  • Variants:Imperial Jade
  • Colors:Green
  • Purported healing:In Chinese culture, Jade is seen in a similar vein that gold is seen in the West. It is believed that Jade is protective and absorbs negative energy.
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Jasper is a form of Quartz, and it is often striped, spotted, and be found in any color. Jasper often has interesting patterns on it that arise from impurities.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Variants:Many
  • Colors:All colors with stripes or spots
  • Purported healing:Jasper is seen as a nurturing stone, aiding the wearer through difficult periods.
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Jet is a black gemstone with organic origins. It starts off as wood and is formed over long periods of time under pressure in seas and rivers. Jet was very popular in the Victorian era, as Queen Victoria wore Jet as part of her mourning attire after the death of Prince Albert.

  • Mineral Category:Non-Mineral Organic
  • Colors:Dark Grey, Black
  • Purported healing:Jet is believed to be a protective stone, and can also bring luck and help alleviate grief.
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Kornerupine is a very rare gemstone, and is typically green in color, although other colors can also be found. Kornerupine is rarely used in jewelry due to its rarity – it is more commonly sought out by collectors.

  • Mineral Category:Kornerupine
  • Variants:Star Kornerupine
  • Colors:Green, White, Pink, Yellow, Blue
  • Purported healing:Kornerupine is rare and not well known, but some believe it can help mold and improve personality and aid in improving character.
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Kunzite, along with Hiddenite, are the two gem varieties of Spodumene. Kunzite is named after famed jeweler and mineralogist George Frederick Kunz. It is pink or violet and has industrial applications beyond use as a gemstone.

  • Mineral Category:Spodumene
  • Colors:Pink, Violet
  • Purported healing:Kunzite brings good fortune and helps with sociability, and can help in repairing damaged relationships.
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Kyanite is most commonly found as a blue gem, and its name comes from the Greek for deep blue. Kyanite colors are normally inconsistent, with lighter and darker areas, and sometimes the gemstones have white streaks or spots. One interesting feature of Kyanite is that it exhibits different hardness when cutting along and across its axes.

  • Mineral Category:Kyanite
  • Colors:Blue
  • Purported healing:Kyanite is supposed to help the wearer with communication and expression.
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Labradorite is named after Labrador, Canada. It shows a unique property called adularescence – it almost appears that there is a white or blue light shining from inside the gemstone. Some Eskimo legends state that the Northern Lights shone down on these stones, and their glory was captured within.

  • Mineral Category:Feldspar
  • Variants:Rainbow Moonstone, Andesine-Labradorite, Spectrolite
  • Colors:Dark grey, Colorless, Orange Red, Brown
  • Purported healing:This stone is believed to aid the wearer to find their true calling, and is also said to help provide insight.
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Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli has historically been used as a gemstone and remains well known today. It is an intense blue opaque gemstone, and it shimmers and has white spots and streaks. Historically was ground into a powder and used to create blue paint before a synthetic method for creating the same colors was invented.

  • Mineral Category:Classified as a Rock
  • Colors:Blue with white streaks and spots
  • Purported healing:Lapis Lazuli has been valued as a gemstone since the time of ancient Egypt, and is considered a stone of companionship and truth. Lapis can be used to strengthen relationships and friendships.
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Larimar is the gem-quality, rare variety of Pectolite, and the name is trademarked. Pectolite is quite common, but Larimar is found only in the Dominican Republic and is quite rare. Larimar has only become a commercially produced gemstone in recent years, but it has been highly valued in the Dominican Republic for a long time.

  • Mineral Category:Pectolite
  • Colors:Blue with lighter and darker areas
  • Purported healing:Larimar is known as the Atlantis Stone, and can help relieve stress and induce calm.
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Malachite is a green gemstone but is also used as a source of copper. Malachite has been used as a material for jewelry since the time of ancient Greece.

  • Mineral Category:Malachite
  • Variants:Azurite-Malachite
  • Colors:Green
  • Purported healing:Historically, Malachite is said to have protective properties.
(Video) List Semi Precious Stones Names
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Moonstone is quite a well-known gemstone and exhibits adularescence, the effect where it seems as though there is light coming from within a gemstone. Moonstone can come in a variety of colors.

  • Mineral Category:Feldspar
  • Variants:Cat’s Eye Moonstone, Rainbow Moonstone, Star Moonstone
  • Colors:Many colors
  • Purported healing:Moonstone has a lot of mythology and lore attached to it. It is said to bring about passion and arousal in couples.
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Morganite is the pink variety of Beryl and is actually named after the renowned banker JP Morgan (you may know him from the bank that he started).

  • Mineral Category:Beryl
  • Colors:Pink
  • Purported healing:Morganite is known as the stone of love. In men, it is said to aid in balancing masculine and feminine energy, and in women, it is believed to help encourage self-reliance.
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Obsidian is volcanic glass and is named after a Roman general. It forms from cooled lava and is not a true mineral. Obsidian comes in mainly darker colors like brown and grey; other colors are less common.

  • Mineral Category:Glass
  • Variants:Apache Tears, Mahogany Obsidian, Rainbow Obsidian, Sheen Obsidian, Snowflake Obsidian
  • Colors:Black, Grey, Brown, Lighter colors are rare
  • Purported healing:Obsidian is known as a Stone of Truth, and can bring forward hidden feelings and reveal secrets.
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Onyx is a solid black form Chalcedony Quartz, although the term is sometimes used to describe banded black and white Agate also.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Black
  • Purported healing:Onyx is supposed to enhance the strength, confidence, and discipline of the wearer.
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Opal is the national gemstone of Australia, and more than 95% of the world’s Opal supply comes from there. The distinct characteristic of the various forms of Opal is the color play – Opals seem to flash with different colors when turned under the light.

  • Mineral Category:Opal
  • Variants:Well known varieties include Black Opal, Boulder Opal, Chocolate Opal, Fire Opal, Moss Opal, and Common Opal, but there are many more varieties
  • Colors:All colors
  • Purported healing:Opal purportedly helps combat depression and can inspire creative and out of the box thinking.
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Pearls are formed in certain kinds of mollusks, chiefly mussels, and oysters. Natural pearls are very rare, and most pearls on the market today are cultured.

  • Mineral Category:Non-Mineral Organic
  • Colors:White, Pink, Yellow, Cream, Golden, Purple, Blue, Black
  • Purported healing:Pearls are a symbol of purity and integrity, and can heighten these characteristics.
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Peridot is the name of the gem-quality variety of the mineral Olivine and is a light green or olive-colored semi precious stone. The name comes from the Arabic word for gem and has been used as a semi precious stone since early human history.

  • Mineral Category:Olivine
  • Colors:Light/Olive Green
  • Purported healing:Peridot can help with emotional balance, self-esteem, and security.
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Prehnite is a green gem and often has a milky or cloudy quality to it. It is named after its discovery, Hendrik von Prehn, a mineralogist.

  • Mineral Category:Prehnite
  • Colors:Green
  • Purported healing:Prehnite is said to be a stone of prophecy, and can help enhance the spiritual side of the wearer. It also helps with improving intuitiveness.
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Pyrite, in the past, also known as ‘Fool’s Gold’, is a metallic yellowish-grey color. Historically it was relatively commonly used as a gemstone but is less popular nowadays.

  • Mineral Category:Pyrite
  • Colors:Metallic, Yellow-Grey
  • Purported healing:A protective stone, Pyrite should help guard against others trying to bring harm to you.
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Quartz is one of the most common minerals on Earth, and many gemstones fall into the Quartz family.

  • Mineral Category:Quartz
  • Variants:Many
  • Colors:All colors
  • Purported healing:Each variety of Quartz can have different effects.
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Rhodochrosite is a red or pink color and has stripes or bands of lighter and darker shades across, making it an attractive gemstone, and the name comes from the Greek for ‘Rose-Colored’.

  • Mineral Category:Rhodochrosite
  • Colors:Red, Pink, with stripes
  • Purported healing:The stone is said to aid emotional development, including in areas of love, empathy, and inner strength.
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Rhodonite is a red or pink color with black patterns and features. The name comes from the Greek ‘Rhodos’, which translates to ‘Rose-Colored’.

  • Mineral Category:Rhodonite
  • Colors:Red, Pink, with black veins
  • Purported healing:Rhodonite is a pink gem and is thus associated with emotions. It is said to be helpful with relationships and friendships.
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Rock Crystal

Rock crystal, also known as Clear Quartz, is the colorless Quartz variety. It is the most common variety of Quartz.

  • Mineral Category:Macrocrystalline Quartz
  • Colors:Colorless
  • Purported healing:Rock Crystal, despite being common, is seen as the ‘master healer’, and is supposed to help the body and mind in many positive ways. It is said to help regulate and balance energy.
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Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz is a very popular variety of Quartz and is usually a light, soft pink. Rose Quartz is relatively inexpensive and is a popular choice for both jewelry hobbyists and industry professionals.

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  • Mineral Category:Macrocrystalline Quartz
  • Variants:Star Rose Quartz
  • Colors:Pink
  • Purported healing:As with other pink semi precious stones, Rose Quartz is said to help with emotional developments and is particularly supportive of any kind of love (romantic, familial, etc.).
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Sard is a darker brown Chalcedony Quartz, quite similar to Carnelian, and the two are often hard to distinguish as there is no clear cut line.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Brown
  • Purported healing:Sard can help promote openness and extroversion.
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Sardonyx is a variety of Agate that has brown with white or black bands.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Brown with bands
  • Purported healing:Sardonyx is a stone of strength and protection, and can encourage honorable behavior, build character, and boost will power.
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Sodalite is a blue gemstone with white streaks and patterns. It was named Sodalite due to the high amount of sodium found in the material.

  • Mineral Category:Sodalite
  • Variants:Hackmanite
  • Colors:Blue with white streaks
  • Purported healing:Sodalite can strengthen the logical ability and has a calming effect
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Spinel comes in a wide range of colors but is most well known for its red variety, which can often resemble Ruby.

  • Mineral Category:Spinel
  • Variants:Flame Spinel, Balas Spinel, Pleonast, Almandine Spinel, Blue Spinel, Gahnospinel, Picotite, Rubicelle, Ruby Spinel
  • Colors:Many colors
  • Purported healing:Spinel can be used to help soothe and calm the wearer, and is helpful for anxiety or stress relief.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (64)


Sugilite is a rare mineral, and the gemstone variety is even rarer. It is purple in color and is named after Japanese geologist Kenichi Sugi who discovered it. Sugilite often has patterns and veins, and pure, unpatterned sugilite is considered more valuable.

  • Mineral Category:Sugilite
  • Colors:Purple
  • Purported healing:Sugilite can bring positive energy to the wearer and help them increase focus and determination.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (65)


Sunstone is a gem in the Feldspar family and is known for its shimmering effect (known as aventurescence). It is usually orange or red in color and is the official gemstone of Oregon.

  • Mineral Category:Feldspar
  • Variants:Star Sunstone
  • Colors:Orange, Red, Pink, Brown
  • Purported healing:It is said that Sunstone can bring good fortune, improve luck, and increase prosperity. Historically it has also been thought to be linked to the sun and can bring vitality and warmth to the wearer.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (66)


Tanzanite is a gemstone that is blue or purple in color, and its name is derived from Tanzania, where it was first found.

  • Mineral Category:Zoisite
  • Variants:Yellow Tanzanite
  • Colors:Blue, Purple
  • Purported healing:Tanzanite is helpful for meditation and can also enhance feelings of calm as well as empathy.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (67)

Tiger’s Eye

Tiger’s Eye is a golden brown gemstone from the Quartz family. It is known for its chatoyancy (Cat’s Eye effect). It shares a color with the Tiger, hence its name.

  • Mineral Category:Chalcedony Quartz
  • Colors:Golden Brown, Golden Yellow
  • Purported healing:Tiger’s Eye is said to help develop physical endurance and power.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (68)


Topaz is a very popular gemstone that comes in many colors, but the yellow variety, known as Imperial Topaz, is the most valuable.

  • Mineral Category:Topaz
  • Variants:Azotic Topaz, Imperial Topaz, Mystic Topaz, Blue Topaz, Rutilated Topaz, Sherry Topaz, White Topaz
  • Colors:Many colors
  • Purported healing:Topaz is said to be helpful for self-expression and thus should be useful to artists and writers.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (69)


Tourmaline is a popular gemstone thanks to the wide variety of colors it is found in. It is also occasionally multicolored. It gained much of its modern popularity when it was introduced to Tiffany & Co by George Kunz.

  • Mineral Category:Tourmaline
  • Variants:Achroite, Canary Tourmaline, Chrome Tourmaline, Dravite, Elbaite, Indicolite, Paraiba Tourmaline, Rubellite, Schorl, Watermelon Tourmaline
  • Colors:Many colors
  • Purported healing:Tourmaline is believed to attract positive energy, and can be helpful with detoxification.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (70)


Tsavorite is the green variety of the Garnet, and despite its rarity is quite popular and consequently valuable. It comes only from one source, Tsavo, in Tanzania, and its name is derived from this location.

  • Mineral Category:Garnet
  • Colors:Green
  • Purported healing:Tsavorite is thought to encourage strength, optimism, and positive energy.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (71)


Turquoise is a green-blue or sky-blue gem, and in French, the name means ‘Turkish Stone’; this is due to the fact that the stone was introduced to Europe from Turkey originally. Historically it has been valued by many civilizations and maintains its popularity today due to its striking blue color.

  • Mineral Category: Turquoise
  • Variants:Eilat Stone
  • Colors:Blue, Green-Blue, sometimes with black veins
  • Purported healing:This stone can offer protection, and is thought to be helpful for career development.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (72)


Variscite is a lesser-known green gemstone that often has interesting patterns and veins. It is also known as Utahlite, as Utah is the main source of the gemstone.

  • Mineral Category:Variscite
  • Variants:Green
  • Purported healing:Variscite is less well known, but some believe that this and other green semi precious stones are helpful for the development of intelligence and wealth.
All Semi Precious Stones Chart | Meanings and Properties (73)


Zircon is not well known but is exceedingly important in the gemstone trade due to its many similarities to Diamond. Zircon comes in a variety of colors and has a sparkle shared with Diamond that many other gemstones may lack.

  • Mineral Category:Zircon
  • Variants:Jacinth, Jargon, Matura Diamond, Starlite
  • Colors:Many colors
  • Purported healing:Zircon is said to be helpful in encouraging wisdom and honor in wearers.

If you found our chart of semi precious stones useful, please leave a comment or let us know.


What are the properties of semi-precious stones? ›

Showcasing the hues of nature, semi-precious gemstones are attractive and therapeutic. They possess healing powers which help in balancing body, mind, and spirit. Besides, every gemstone has a spiritual meaning associated with it.

How many semi-precious gems are there? ›

Strictly speaking, the semi- precious stones are only seven in number—the diamond, the pearl, the ruby, the sapphire, the emerald, the oriental Catseye, and the alexandrite; But these are often added the so-called semi-precious stones—such as amethyst, the topaz, the tourmaline, the aquamarine, the chrysoprase.

What is the most precious semi-precious stone? ›

The most expensive and rarest gemstone in the world is a natural blue diamond. That explains the price of $3.93 million per carat. Blue diamonds were discovered in India and later displayed in a London collection in 1839. Traces of boron give blue diamonds their distinctive hue.

Can everyone wear semi-precious stones? ›

Wearing gemstone is not restricted to a particular religion, and anyone can get benefits from it. Some gemstones are believed to have healing powers within themselves. Gems like Bloodstone, garnet, aquamarine, etc.

How do I identify my stones? ›

How to Identify Gemstones - YouTube

Which gemstone is most powerful? ›

DIAMOND. Properties: Relationships, love, and mental clarity. It's the strongest gemstone, so it's only fitting that diamonds are said to bond people together (and not just because they're so pretty).

What is the rarest gem? ›

Painite : Not just the rarest gemstone, but also the rarest mineral on earth, Painite holds the Guinness World Record for it. After its discovery in the year 1951, there existed only 2 specimens of Painite for the next many decades. By the year 2004, there were less than 2 dozens known gemstones.

Is onyx a semi-precious stone? ›

What is Black Onyx? It is a variety of layered chalcedony that belongs to the quartz family. As indicated by the name, this semi-precious gemstone is characterized by its dramatic black body color.

Is jade precious or semiprecious? ›

Jade is a semi-precious stone which is mostly green and is derived from various silicates. The name “jade” – “loin stone” – comes from the Spanish term “piedra de ijada,” attributed to the stone's reputed efficacy in curing ailments associated with the area, especially the kidneys.

What is the most beautiful gemstone? ›

The stunning blue diamond is arguably the most prized of all precious gemstones. A flawless example is so rare that whenever one comes to auction it causes a huge stir in the jewelry world.

Is Moonstone a precious stone? ›

Every other gemstone that isn't one of those four is considered to be semi precious. The list goes on and on, but some of the more common ones are: alexandrite, agate, amethyst, aquamarine, garnet, lapis lazuli, moonstone, opal, pearl, peridot, rose quartz, spinel, tanzanite, tourmaline, turquoise and zircon.

Which stone should not wear together? ›

Hence avoid wearing diamonds with yellow sapphires and emerald stones. Do not wear pearls, corals, and rubies with blue sapphires. These are Saturnian stones that cannot be combined with the stones of the sun and moon and Mars. Do not wear pearl and rubies together i.e. do not combine the energies of the moon and sun.

Who should not wear ruby? ›

Who should not wear ruby gemstones? Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn, Aquarius, Libra, Capricorn, and Pisces ascendants should never wear rubies. This is because of the Sun's position and its enmity with these planetary positions.

Is there an app to identify gemstones? ›

Our newest app feature, Gemstone ID, allows you to identify your own gemstones and store them in your Master Collection quickly and easily. You can also create a record for each gemstone with important facts, appraisal documents, photos and other details all in one place.

What stone is brown with gold flecks? ›

Goldstone Geological Properties
Mineral InformationSilica glass with metallic crystals (commonly copper, but also can include cobalt, manganese or chromium)
Chemical Compositionn/a
ColorReddish brown with copper flecks; other colors include blue, purple and green
Hardness5-1/2 to 6 (Mohs)
Specific Gravityn/a
1 more row

What stone is black with white spots? ›

Snowflake Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass that gets its name from the tiny white mineral inclusions, cristobalite, that form little snowflakes-like patterns in the dark stone.

What stone gives you good luck? ›

The best crystals that bring luck into the home include Green Jade, Citrine, Clear Quartz, Carnelian, Peridot, Garnet, Smoky Quartz, and Tigers Eye.

What stone gives power? ›

The Space Stone (The Tesseract)

The Space Stone gives the user power over space.

What should I wear for wealth? ›

Wearing Blue Sapphire protects you from such malicious effects and hence helps you stabilize wealth and income even during your bad phase. Malachite, this gemstone is associated with heart and throat chakra and its energies protects one from financial misfortune.

What Stone means forever? ›

Diamond – The Forever Gem

Diamonds symbolize forever love, which is why they're most commonly given as engagement and wedding rings. Diamonds that surpass the 'z-light yellow' rating on the diamond color scale are considered fancy yellow diamonds.

What stone is rarer than a diamond? ›

Ammolite. In 1981, the World Jewellery Confederation (CIBJO) declared ammolite a new organic gem. Occurring in limited deposits in the Rocky Mountains, this gem material is much rarer than diamond.

What is the rarest purple gem? ›

Sugilite, one of the rarest gemstones, is relatively unknown to people outside Asia. The Japanese geologist Ken-ichi Sugi discovered it in 1944. It has a distinctive purple coloration and is either translucent or opaque. However, there are variations with a light pink-purple hue.

What is the rarest color of onyx? ›

What Is The Rarest Onyx Stone? Today, the stone comes in many colors, shapes, and types, but the most valuable and hard to find is the black onyx with parallel bands of color.

What Crystal is black and shiny? ›

Appearance-wise, black Obsidian is a solid black stone with a shiny luster when sculpted or polished. Black Obsidian is found in various areas of the world and it's not an expensive black gemstone.

Is Obsidian a precious stone? ›

The volcanic glass stone was used in trading by Mayan merchants, dating as far back as 100 years BC. Given the abundance of obsidian found in the area and its high value, it was considered most precious, whereas interestingly, precious metals known to us, such as gold, never played a key role in the Mayan society.

Are moonstones valuable? ›

Moonstones of gem quality are typically anywhere from $5/carat to $50/carat at the higher end. For an average-size ring or small bracelet, you're looking at $250 for top quality. The cost varies based on the adularescence displayed.

Is dark or light jade more valuable? ›

Many of us think of the rich bottle green color when we think of jade, and this is not a coincidence. The more green jade is, the higher its value. The most expensive examples of jade are in so called Imperial Jade color, which is a rich and vibrant emerald green.

Who can wear jade? ›

The Jade stone particularly favours wisdom and insightful thinking; hence, it works best for people feeling indecisive and directionless. However, anyone and everyone can wear a Jade stone as it promotes positive thoughts and attracts good luck.

How can I test my gemstone at home? ›

Hold a cut stone to the sun, table toward your eye. if you can see straight through it, it is a form of glass, because glass reflects light, while gem material refracts light.

What is my gemstone according to date of birth? ›

Enter Date of Birth & Know your Birthstone.
Birthstones by month.
MonthBirthstone (Traditional)Birthstone (Modern)
DecemberTurquoiseZircon and Tanzanite
8 more rows

How do you identify a stone in a ring? ›

How to Identify Gemstones in Jewelry | Gems & Stones - YouTube


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